Types of Stroke

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

When an artery in the brain becomes blocked for a short period of time, it is called a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) or "mini stroke". It is common for these symptoms to last for a very short period of time from minutes to hours and then disappear causing no permanent damage. These are serious warning signs and should not be ignored. 

Ischemic Stroke

Ischemic Stroke or a "clot stroke" is the most common type and occurs when a clot blocks blood flow to the brain. Brain cells begin to die if blood flow is not returned. Treatment may include the use of a drug called Activase. It is a tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and more commonly called the ‘clot buster’ medication. This is the only FDA approved medication to treat acute ischemic stroke. It must be given within three hours of the start of stroke symptoms. If given promptly, t-PA can resolve or even improve stroke symptoms. That is why rapid recognition of symptoms and seeking urgent medical attention is important. 

Hemorrhagic Stroke

Hemorrhagic Stroke is usually referred to as a "bleeding stroke" and occurs when an artery bursts causing bleeding in or around the brain. Immediate treatment is needed to prevent long-lasting disabilities or even death.  

Click here to view the National Stroke Association’s ‘Explaining Stroke’ brochure.


Stroke is a brain attack and should be
treated as an Emergency!

  Don’t ignore the signs and symptoms of stroke,
 call 9-1-1 immediately
Time lost is brain lost!